Unesco Towns and Historical Monuments

Prague - historical centre

Noted in the UNESCO register - 1992. It is the historical centre of Czech capital including Mala Strana, Hradcany, Stare Mesto and Nove Mesto. Was built from 11th century unique symbiosis of many architectural styles – from Romanesque rotundas, Gothic towers, and Renaissance burghers’ houses and palaces to the Jewish synagogues, Baroque churches, convents and monasteries.The city is full of crooked lanes, gold-tipped towers and church cupolas, standing side by side with more recent Art Nouveau and Modernist architecture.                                                             

 


Cesky Krumlov - historical centre

Noted in the UNESCO register - 1992. This picturesque town lies in a deep, meandering valley of the Vltava river in the very South of Bohemia, some 180 km south of Prague, near the border with Austria. Castle from 13th century together with chateau and more 300 historical houses make a very unique example of a medieval town with untouched architectonic treasure for more than five century.                                 

 


Telc - historical centre

Noted in the UNESCO register - 1992. After a great fire, the town was rebuilt at the end of the 14th century. Renaissance and baroque burgess houses are surrounded by a defence system composed of ponds. Gothic castle was rebuilt in the renaissance style at the end of 15th century.                  

 


Zdar nad Sazavou -The pilgrimage church of St. John of Nepomuk at Zelena Hora

Zdar nad Sazavou is situated at the frontier of Bohemia and Moravia in a picturesque region of Bohemian-Moravian Highland in the centre of the protected landscape area of Zdarske vrchy. Its history is closely associated with the development of the Cistercian monastery in Zdar and dates back to the second half of the 13th century. Cardinal Frantisek of Ditrichstejn promoted the small village of Zdar to a town in 1607. The former monastery developed the present form during large reconstructions in the time of Abbot Vaclav Vejmluva in the first half of the 18th century. The reconstructions were designed by architect Jan Blazej Santini-Aichel.The pilgrimage church of St. John of Nepomuk on Green Hill is the highest achievement of his work and a unique architectural monument, which was included on the Word Heritage of UNESCO in December 1994. Larger architectural changes arrived in Zdar at the turn of the century. There was a steep rise in population, associated with construction of the ZDAS machinery works in the 1950s. The design of the town and of the whole landscape has changed a lot. A modern, administration and commercial centre and new neighbourhoods were built.               

Kutna Hora - historical centre with St. Barbara’s Cathedral and Cathedral of Virgin Mary in Sedlec

Noted in the UNESCO register - 1995. From 14th century prominent royal town developed mainly due to the silver mines. Late gothic St. Barbara’s Cathedral and Cathedral of Virgin Mary in Sedlec rebuilt in baroque gothic style at the beginning of 18th century are only a part of medieval urban structure with abundance of historical burgess houses.                    

 


Lednicko - valticky area

Noted in the UNESCO register - 1996. During 17th to 20th centuries princes of Liechtenstein transformed their estate into a vast park where the baroque and new-gothic architecture of castles combines with small constructions in romantic style and landscape adapted according to the English style of landscaping.             

 


Holasovice - village reservation

Noted in the UNESCO register - 1998. Holasovice is unique and perfectly well preserved example of traditional Central European village. With a number of beautiful village houses from 18th and 19th century built in the so called „Southern Bohemian rural baroque“ style.                    

 


Kromeriz - chateau and gardens

Noted in the UNESCO register - 1998. Chateau built on ancient foundations in the 18th century represents uniquely well preserved example of Central European baroque seat of high aristocracy including late renaissance chateau gardens (Podzamecka and Kvetna).                     

 


Litomysl - chateau

Noted in the UNESCO register - 1999. Renaissance chateau from second half of 16th century is an important example of arcade chateau inspired by Italian style. Despite the interior adaptations at the end of 18th century it maintained almost untouched renaissance look including unique sgrafitto decor of facades and gables.                      

 


Olomouc - Holy Trinity Column

Noted in the UNESCO register - 2000. Memorial column. Mounted at the beginning of 18th century, unique example of typical Central European monument of this kind. 35 metres high, in "Olomouc baroque" style decorated with a number of statues created by prominent Moravian artist Ondrej Zahner.                                   

 


Brno - Villa Tugendhat

Noted in the UNESCO register - 2001. Residential villa built on a southern slope of residential quarter Cerna Pole with a view on the city centre, Spilberk and Petrov. The three-storey building consists of a steel frame with ceramic ceiling and steel columns.     

 


Trebic - roman-gothic basilica of St. Prokop and Jewish quarter

Noted in the UNESCO register - 2003. Basilica built in the half of 13th century in roman-gothic style. The most precious parts of the basilica are the crypt with original more than seven hundred years old wooden ceiling, stone cross vault, rosette in the eastern part of the apsis and the northern portal which is an exquisite stonework. The present look of the interior was created by Kamil Hilbert in 1924 - 1935.Unique Jewish quarter with a high density of buildings, crooked narrow streets, dark nooks, arched passages and romantic little courts consists of more than 120 residential houses. Original Jewish cemetery was relocated to the northern slope of Hradek hill in the 17th century. Full-grown park with a magic atmosphere hides about 3000 tombstones of which the oldest one dates back to the 1625.